Feeds should meet the animal’s needs for maintenance, growth and reproduction. Good pig feed pellet contains sufficient energy, protein, minerals and vitamins. Rice bran, broken rice, maize, soya-beans, cassava, vegetables and distillers’ residues are often used in pig feed in large size feed production factory.A combination of protein source, milk replacer, vitamins, amino acids and rich feed ingredients makes this complete feed the ideal feed for pigs.here are 6 best pig feed ingredients for your own pig feed making.
Maize, wheat, and sorghum constitute the major energy sources of most nursery diets around the world. Barley and oat groats , cassava ,cereal by-products are also an excellent energy source. One of the best grain sources to use on your pig feed is maize. It’s a nutritious, high-carb option that’ll fatten up your pigs and fill them with energy at the same time.
Cereal contain not only cooked cereals, which are known to benefit pig, but also high levels of sucrose (as much as 25 percent). Thus, using up to 30 percent cereal fines to replace cooked cereals and lactose has been shown to reduce feed cost and even improve animal performance.
2.Grass or straw,leaves
Alfalfa ,clover,green fodder etc. Although low in fibre, alfalfa is palatable to pigs as well as being easily digestible. It is the best nutritional package you can put into the rations you use to feed your livestock, dairy cattle, poultry or pigs. It also contains a blend of 47 nutritional elements, and provides one of nature’s most liberal balances of vitamins, minerals and amino acids.
Clover’s sodium content is around 0.05%. Crude protein levels in the dry matter are around 25%. Phosphorus is 0.3%, and dry matter digestibility is up to 75%. Leaves and stems are quite a good local protein resources for pigs.
Leaves contribute 20% of the dietary dry matter and 46% of the crude protein after cooking. It is also a rich source of calcium, phosphorus, iron, Vitamin C, thiamine, riboflavin and niacin, which are important constituents of a pig’s diet.
Grains and plants used in pig feed are low in sodium, so the farmer are advised to add a few cups of salt to their pig feeds. A growing-finishing pig needs about 0.25% more salt in their diets.
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